Tate Modern Museum, located in London is a modern art gallery. The museum is dedicated to international modern art. Tate Modern along with Tate Liverpool, Tate Britain, Tate St. Ives and Tate Online form the Tate group. The museum was formerly the Bankside Power Station which is situated in the Bankside area of London. It was located on the Borough of Southwark and was designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott who also created the plan of Battersea Power Station.
The construction of this museum was completed as two stages. The first stage took place during the period of 1947, when the initial design of the building was completed and opened for the public. But it was closed in the year 1981. In 1992 the Tate Gallery organized a competition to find a suitable design for a new building. The proposal submitted by de Meuron and Herzog won the competition. This proposal suggested reinventing the old Bankside Power Station, instead of demolishing it.
The great Turbine Hall, which was a part of the old structure that held the power station’s electricity generators, was transformed into a large social space. The building has a height of five storeys and contains vast area for installations which are specially commissioned. The Boiler House near the Turbine Hall became the galleries which can be seen in the museum today. A total of 4.2 million bricks were used to complete the construction of this building.
This museum is home to a vast collection of British art from the period of 1900. It also contains contemporary and modern artworks from all over the world. The collections of this museum are still expanding. The artworks from the modern society are also being added to the collections. The entry to this museum is free but there will be an admission fee for the temporary exhibitions conducted here. The museum attracts a large number of people every year making it one of the most visited museums in London.
Further extensions were also added to the museum over the years. The place has a vast collection of artworks from renowned artists from all over the world. The artworks of Picasso, Bonnard, Lichtenstein, Warhol, Rothko etc. are some among them. Tate Modern is still developing by adding modern artworks to its collections. The historical importance of the place and the huge collection helps to draw more than five million people from all around the world every year.